The habitat of the lynx consists of extensive forests, offering both, sufficient cover and enough prey. Open landscapes and the vicinity of humans prevent permanent stays of the feline predators as they are very shy. "The wild heart of Austria" is a suitable habitat for lynx, providing both, the required extensive forest areas and a sufficiently high game population.
As loners lynx lay claim on a territory of 5,000-30,000 ha for themselves. The size of it is mainly determined by the prey density and therefore varies from area to area. Another influencing factor is the gender of the animals because males require significantly larger territories than females. Furthermore, male specimens do not tolerate conspecifics of the same sex in their own territory. Females are accepted because they are potential mating partners. The big cats make very wide changes of location and can migrate 40 km per night.
Unfortunately, habitat fragmentation between the Bohemian Forest and the Limestone Alps has progressed to such an extent that lynx do no longer migrate between the habitats and consequently the two populations cannot exchange genetic material. A reconnection of these areas would be essential for securing the future of lynx in Central Europe. Austria is given an important role in this respect.